Sunday , 21 January 2018

Active Voice & Passive Voice (Negative and Interrogative Sentences)


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Active Voice & Passive Voice (Negative and Interrogative Sentences)


Active and Passive Voice

(Negative and interrogative sentences)

Present indefinite tense (negative and interrogative sentences):

Always use past participle (3rd form of verb).

(By) is used as preposition

Helping verbs (is, am, are)

“not” is used after the helping verb so the helping verbs become (is not, am not, are not)

Examples:

Active voice

Passive voice

He does not polish his shoes.

His shoes are not polished by him.

You do not wear a new shirt.

A new shirt is not worn by you.

Does she read the book?

Is the book read by her?

 

Present continuous tense (negative and interrogative sentence):

Always use past participle (3rd form of verb).

(By) is used as preposition

Helping verbs (is being, am being, are being)

“not” is used after the helping verb so the helping verbs become (is not being, am not being, are not being)

Examples:

Active voice

Passive voice

He is not polishing his shoes.

His shoes are not being polished by him.

You are not wearing a new shirt.

A new shirt is not being worn by you.

Is she reading the book?

Is the book being read by her?

 

Present perfect tense (negative and interrogative sentences):

Always use past participle (3rd form of verb).

(By) is used as preposition

Helping verbs (has, have)

“not” is used after the helping verb so the helping verbs become (has not been, have not been)

Examples:                        

Active voice

Passive voice

He has not done the work.

The work has not been done by him.

Masons have not built the wall.

The wall has not been built by the masons.

Has mother taken tea?

Has tea been taken by mother?

 

Past indefinite tense (negative and interrogative sentences):

Always use past participle (3rd form of verb).

(By) is used as preposition

Helping verbs (was, were)

“not” is used after the helping verb so the helping verbs become (was not, were not)

Examples:

Active voice

Passive voice

Father did not drive us home.

We were not driven home by father.

Aslam did not press my clothes.

My clothes were not pressed by Aslam.

Did the cook prepare the dinner?

Was the dinner prepared by the cook?

 

Past continuous tense (negative and interrogative sentences):

Always use past participle (3rd form of verb).

(By) is used as preposition

Helping verbs (was being, were, being)

“not” is used after the helping verb so the helping verbs become (was not being, were not being)

Examples:

Active voice

Passive voice

I was not playing the role.

The role was not being played by me.

You were not watering the plants.

The plants were not being watered by you.

Was she writing the story?

Was the story being written by me?

 

Past perfect tense (negative and interrogative sentences):

Always use past participle (3rd form of verb).

(By) is used as preposition

Helping verbs (had been)

“not” is used after the helping verb so the helping verb becomes (had not been)

Examples:

Active voice

Passive voice

Mother had not prepared the costume.

The costume had not been prepared by mother.

I had not read the newspaper.

The newspaper had not been read by me.

Had the police arrested the culprit?

Had the culprit been arrested by the police?

 

Future indefinite tense (negative and interrogative sentences):

Always use past participle (3rd form of verb).

(By) is used as preposition

Helping verbs (will be, shall be)

“not” is used after the helping verb so the helping verbs become (will not be, shall not be)

Examples:

Active voice

Passive voice

I shall not buy a new car.

A new car will not be bought by me.

Doctor will not operate the patient.

The patient will not be operated by the doctor.

Will Pakistan win the match?

Will the match be won by Pakistan?