Sunday , 21 January 2018

Direct & indirect speech - can, must, may


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Direct & indirect speech - can, must, may


Can                            Could

If the reporting speech of the sentence is in past tense and the can is used in the reported speech the changes will be as follows on converting it into indirect speech:

  1. Change can in could.
  2. Remove the comas and use “that” as a conjunction.
  3. Do not use inverted commas in indirect narration.

Examples:

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

Can                            Could

 

 

He said, “I can mark your words”.

He said that he could mark my words.

Mrs. Aslam said, “You can go to your class”.

Mrs. Aslam said that I could go to my class.

She said, “You can go to the doctor for treatment’.

She said that I could go to the doctor for treatment.

They said, “We cannot play with Chelsea”.

They said that they could not play with Chelsea.

He said, “I will meet you on Ali’s birthday”.

He said that he could meet me on Ali’s birthday.

     

 

May                      Might:

If the reporting speech of the sentence is in past tense and may is used in the reported speech the changes will be as follows on converting it into indirect speech:

  1. Change may into might.
  2. Remove the comas and use “that” as a conjunction.
  3. Do not use inverted commas in indirect narration.

Examples:

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

May                      Might

 

He said, “I may sleep in my bedroom”.

He said that he might sleep in his bedroom.

Mrs. Ali said, “You may go to your class”.

Mrs. Ali said that I might go to my class.

She said, “They may be dancing in the rain”.

She said that they might be dancing in the rain.

They said, “The doctor may not come today”.

They said that the doctor might not come today.

     

 

Must                  Had to

If the reporting speech of the sentence is in past tense and had is used in the reported speech the changes will be as follows on converting it into indirect speech:

  1. Change must in had to.
  2. Remove the comas and use “that” as a conjunction.
  3. Do not use inverted commas in indirect narration.

Examples:

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

Must                  Had to

 

She said, “You must finish your work”.

She said that I had to finish my work”.

He said, “I must clean my room”.

He said that he must clean his room.

Mother said, “I must prepare the dinner”.

Mother said that she had to prepare the dinner.

Mr. Naeem said, “You must do your test”.

Mr. Naeem said that I had to do my test.

     

 

 

 

Change of time in indirect speech:

Direct speech

Indirect speech

Tomorrow

Next day

Yesterday

Previous day

This day

That day

This week

That week

This month

That month

This year

That year

Ago

Before

Now, just

Then

This

That

Here

There

Hence

Thence