Sunday , 21 January 2018

Direct & Indirect speech - Past Tense


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Direct & Indirect speech - Past Tense


Past Indefinite Tense:

If the reporting speech of the sentence is in past tense and the reported speech is in past indefinite tense the changes will be as follows on converting it into indirect speech:

  1. Change past indefinite tense in past perfect tense.
  2. Remove the comas and use that as a conjunction.
  3. Do not use inverted commas in indirect narration.

Examples:

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

Past Indefinite Tense

Past indefinite tense will change into past perfect tense

Doctor said,” You ate unhealthy food”.

Doctor said that I had eaten unhealthy food.

Father said, “You stole my purse”.

Father said that I stole his purse.

She said, “I drank cold drink”.

She said that she had drunk cold drink.

He said, “I broke my leg”.

He said that he had broken his leg.

Mr. Naseem said, “I checked my mail”.

Mr. Naseem said that he had checked his mail.

     

 

Past Continuous Tense:

If the reporting speech of the sentence is in past tense and the reported speech is in past continuous tense the changes will be as follows on converting it into indirect speech:

  1. Change past continuous tense in past perfect tense.
  2. Remove the comas and use “that” as a conjunction.
  3. Do not use inverted commas in indirect narration.

Examples:

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

Present continuous Tense

Past continuous tense will change into past perfect continuous tense

I said, “I was not feeling hungry”.

I said that I had not been feeling hungry.

She said,” You were not singing”.

She said that I had not been singing.

Mr. Rashid said, “I was working”.

Mr. Rashid said that he had been working.

Father said, “You were watching movie”.

Father said that I had been watching movie.

You said, “He was stealing my mobile”.

You said that he had been stealing your mobile.

     

 

Past Perfect Tense:

If the reporting speech of the sentence is in past tense and the reported speech is in past perfect tense the changes will be as follows on converting it into indirect speech:

  1. Past perfect tense remains unchanged.
  2. Remove the comas and use “that” as a conjunction.
  3. Do not use inverted commas in indirect narration.

Examples:

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

Present Perfect Tense

Past perfect tense will remain past perfect tense

They said, “We had won the game”.

They said that they had won the game.

I said, “You had denied the offer”.

I said that I had denied the offer.

She said, “I had accepted the proposal”.

She said that she had accepted the proposal.

Mother said, “The cake is for your sister”.

Mother said that the cake is for my brother.

Mrs. Ali said, “The car was stolen from my garage”.

Mrs. Ali said that the car for stolen from her garage.

     

 

Past Perfect Continuous Tense:

If the reporting speech of the sentence is in past tense and the reported speech is in past perfect continuous tense the changes will be as follows on converting it into indirect speech:

  1. Past perfect continuous tense remains unchanged.
  2. Remove the comas and use “that” as a conjunction.
  3. Do not use inverted commas in indirect narration.

Examples:

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

Present Indefinite Tense

Past perfect continuous tense will remain past perfect continuous tense

He said, “I had been waiting for the last two hours”.

He said that I had been waiting for the last two hours.

She said, “You had been sleeping”.

She said that I had been sleeping.

Mother said, “We had been living here”.

Mother said that they had been living there”.

Mr. Saad said,” You had been following me”.

Mr. Saad said that I had been following him.

Teacher said, “You had been wasting your time”.

Teacher said that I had been wasting my time.