Sunday , 21 January 2018

Direct & Indirect speech - Present Tense


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Direct & Indirect speech - Present Tense


Present Indefinite Tense:

If the reporting speech of the sentence is in past tense and the reported speech is in present indefinite tense, the changes will be as follows on converting it into indirect speech:

  1. Change present indefinite tense in past indefinite tense.
  2. Remove the comas and use “that” as a conjunction.
  3. Do not use inverted commas in indirect narration.

Examples:

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

Present Indefinite Tense

Present tense will change into past indefinite tense

He said, “I play cricket”.

He said that he played cricket.

My father said, “I do not eat fruits”.

My father said that he did not eat fruits.

Teacher said, “You work very hard”.

Teacher said that I worked very hard.

She said, “My mother cooks the food”.

She said that her mother cooked the food.

You said, “I work in the factory”.

You said that you work in the factory.

     

 

Present Continuous Tense:

If the reporting speech of the sentence is in past tense and the reported speech is in present continuous tense the changes will be as follows on converting it into indirect speech:

  1. Change present continuous tense in past continuous tense.
  2. Remove the comas and use “that” as a conjunction.
  3. Do not use inverted commas in indirect narration.

Examples:

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

Present Continuous Tense

Present continuous tense will change into past continuous tense

He said, “I am on my book”.

He said that he was working on his book.

She said, “Your father is walking”.

She said that my father was walking.

Mr. Ali said, “I am not feeling well”.

Mr. Ali said that he was not feeling well.

Mother said, “You are not going on trip”.

Mother said that I am not going on trip.

Doctor said, “My brother is suffering from fever”

Doctor said that his brother was suffering from fever.

     

 

Present Perfect Tense:

If the reporting speech of the sentence is in past tense and the reported speech is in present perfect tense the changes will be as follows on converting it into indirect speech:

  1. Change present perfect tense in past perfect tense.
  2. Remove the comas and use “that” as a conjunction.
  3. Do not use inverted commas in indirect narration.

Examples:

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

Present Perfect Tense

Present perfect  tense will change into past perfect tense

Ali said, “I have won the match”.

Ali said that he had won the match.

Mrs. Saleem said, “You have broken the glass”

Mrs. Saleem said that I had broken the glass.

She said, “I have started smoking”.

She said that she had started smoking.

He said, I have polished my shoes”

She said that he had polished my shoes.

Teacher said, “You have passed the test”.

Teacher said that I had passed the test.

     

 

Present Perfect Continuous Tense:

If the reporting speech of the sentence is in past tense and the reported speech is in present perfect continuous tense the changes will be as follows on converting it into indirect speech:

  1. Change present perfect continuous tense in past perfect continuous tense.
  2. Remove the comas and use that as a conjunction.
  3. Do not use inverted commas in indirect narration.

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Present Perfect Continuous tense will change into past perfect continuous tense

Sir Ahmed said, “I have been living in Lahore since childhood”.

Sir Ahmed said that he had been living in Lahore since childhood.

You said, “He has been sleeping for the last two years”.

You said that he had been sleeping for the last two years.

I said, “It has been raining since morning”.

I said that it had been raining since morning.

Mother said, “You have been avoiding me for the last two days”.

Mother said that I had been avoiding her for the last two days.

She said, “My brother has been serving in army for the last 15 years”.

She said that her brother had been serving in army for the last 15 years.