Sunday , 21 January 2018

Letter Word Phrase and Sentence


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Letter Word Phrase and Sentence


Letter

All the alphabets from A to Z are known as letters.

Example: A, B , C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z.

Each mentioned alphabet is known as a letter.

The letters or Alphabets/Letters are of two types.

  • Consonants
  • Vowels

Consonants

(B, C, D, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, X, Z)

Vowels

(A, E, I, O, U)

Word

Two or more Letter/ Alphabets combine to form a word.

Examples: Cat, dog, you, walk, city, talk etc.

Prefix

When a group of letters is added in start of an existing word (root word) to create a new word, it is known as a prefix.

Examples                                  word                          prefix             new word

Unhappy                                   happy                        un                   unhappy

Multicultural                            cultural                    multi              multicultural

Supermarket                             market               super                 supermarket

Suffix

When a group of letters is added at the end of an existing (root word) to create a new word, it is known as a suffix.

Examples                                  word              prefix             new word

Happily                          happy                        ily                    happily

Lazily                             lazy                             ily                   lazily

Childish                         child                            ish                childish

Phrase

The combination of two or more than two words combine that do not give a complete sense or a complete message it is known as a phrase. Phrases usually convey a message but the message is never complete, so the listener has to assume the complete sense.

Examples:

On the road

In the rain

 Behind the window

Across the lake

Sentence:

The combination of words that gives a complete sense or a complete message it is called a sentence.

Examples:

I am drinking water.

We are playing.

The boys are running.

They are going to the grocery store.

Note: Phrase can be part of a sentence but a sentence can never be part of a sentence.

Parts of sentences

A sentence is basically divided into two parts.

  • Subject
  • Predicate

Subject

A subject also known as the actor, performer or doer, is the one about which the information is given in the sentence.

Ali is going to school.

In the above mentioned sentence “Ali” is the word about which the information is given and you can also see that Ali is the one who can fit as an actor, performer or doer. So it is obvious that Ali is the subject in the above mentioned sentence.

Examples

He is playing football.                        (“He” is subject)

Mother was making tea.                  (“Mother” is subject)

Little boy was making noise.           (“Boy” is subject)

Predicate

The part of sentence apart from the subject is called predicate. We can also say that the part of sentence that gives information about the subject is known as the predicate.

Ali is going to school.

Now again in the above mentioned example part of sentence (is going to school) is giving information about the subject (Ali). So we would say that (is going to school) is a predicate.

Examples

She was washing the dishes.                  (“was washing the dishes” is predicate)

You were playing soccer.                        (“were playing soccer” is predicate)

I am having my lunch.                 (“am having my lunch” is predicate)