Sunday , 21 January 2018

Parts of Speech (Adjective, Verb, Adverb, Preposition, Conjunction, Interjection)


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Parts of Speech (Adjective, Verb, Adverb, Preposition, Conjunction, Interjection)


Adjective: Adjective includes all the words that qualify noun.

You can also say adjectives are those words that add meaning or elaborate noun.

Example: big, small, tall, beautiful, ugly etc.

Ali is driving a car. (Now car is a noun)

Ali is driving a big car. (Big is an adjective because it elaborates the noun i.e. car)

Examples: Bid, small, beautiful, ugly etc.

Degrees of ADJECTIVE:

There are three degrees of adjective.

  1. Positive Degree
  2. Comparative Degree
  3. Superlative Degree

Examples:

Positive Degree

Comparative Degree

Superlative Degree

Good

Better

Best

Beautiful

More beautiful

Most beautiful

Big

Bigger

Biggest

Great

Greater

Greatest

 

Verb:

Verb includes all the words that show any kind of action or state of being. Any word which shows an action or activity would be known as verb.

Example: Walk, talk, eat, sleep, think, read etc.

Adverb                                                                                             

Adverbs include all the words that qualify verb.

You can also say adverbs are those words that

adds meaning or elaborate verb.

Example: Boldly, slowly, honestly, swiftly etc.

The old man was walking. (Now walking is a verb)

The old man was walking slowly. (Slowly is an adverb as it elaborates the verb i.e. walking)

Preposition:

The word which is placed before a noun and pronoun to show its relation with other word is known as a preposition.

The cat is sitting under the table.

In this sentence the word under is showing the relation between (cat) noun with other word (table).

Examples: on, in, at, of, at, over, across etc.

Conjunction:

Conjunctions are also known as joining words. These are the words which are used to join sentences, phrases or words together.

I am going to office but I will be back in an hour.

 

Sentence 1                           Sentence 2

                       

                        CONJUNCTION

In the above mentioned example two sentences are joined together with the help of (but) a conjunction.

Examples: but, because, if, and etc are the examples of conjunctions.

 Interjection

The words that show our sudden emotions or feelings are called interjections. Sign of exclamation (!) is always use with them.

Alas! He died.

Hurrah! We have won the match.

Examples: Hurrah, Alas, Ouch, pardon etc