Sunday , 21 January 2018

Present Indefinite Tense


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Present Indefinite Tense


Tenses

Tense means time and time can fall in three categories i.e. present, past and future. So we have three basic tenses.

  1. Present Tense
  2. Past Tense
  3. Future Tense

Each of the above mentioned tense is further divided into four sub tenses.

  1. Indefinite Tense
  2. Continuous Tense
  3. Perfect Tense
  4. Perfect Continuous Tense

So we can say that we have 12 tenses in total.

  1. Present Indefinite Tense
  2. Present Continuous Tense
  3. Present Perfect Tense
  4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense
  5. Past Indefinite Tense
  6. Past Continuous Tense
  7. Past Perfect Tense
  8. Past Perfect Continuous Tense
  9. Future Indefinite Tense
  10. Future Continuous Tense
  11. Future Perfect Tense
  12. Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Now we are going to discuss each of the above mentioned tense separately.

Present Indefinite Tense

Rules:

  • Always use first form of the verb.
  • If (he, she, it and singular nouns) are used as the subject of a sentence use (s, es) after the verb. (in positive sentences only)
  • Walk becomes walks, eat becomes eats
  • She waters the plants.
  • He goes to school.
  • If (I, we, you, they and plural nouns are used as the subjects of a sentence do not use (s, es) after the verb.
  • Helping verbs of present indefinite tense are (do, does)
  • If (he, she, it and singular nouns) are used as subject in a sentence we will use “Does” as the helping verb.
  • If (I, we, you, they and plural nouns) are used as subject in a sentence we will use “Do” as the helping verb.
  • However the helping verbs (do, does) are used only in negative and interrogative sentences.
  • Helping verbs (do, does) are not used in simple or statement sentence.
  • In negative sentences not is used after the helping verb.
  • (do not, does not)
  • I do not take tea.
  • He does not pluck the flower.
  • You can also use don’t and doesn’t for do not and does not.
  • I don’t take tea
  • He doesn’t pluck the flower.
  • In interrogative sentences the helping verbs (do, does) are used in start of the sentence.
  •  Do you play cricket?
  • Does he walk on the road?